Zigbee Module Group Introduction — TYZS10

Zigbee Module Group Introduction — TYZS10

1. Product Overview

TYZS10 is a low power-consuming embedded Zigbee module developed by Hangzhou Tuya Information Technology Co., Ltd. It consists of a highly integrated wireless radio processor chip (EFR32MG13P732) and several peripherals, with a built-in 802.15.4 PHY/MAC Zigbee network protocol stack and robust library functions. TYZS10 is embedded with a low power-consuming 32-bit ARM Cortex-M4 core, 512 KB flash, 64 KB RAM data memory, and robust peripheral resources. TYZS10 runs on the FreeRTOS platform that integrates all Zigbee MAC library functions. You can develop built-in Zigbee products as required.

Figure 1 shows the architecture of TYZS10.

1.1 Features

  • Built-in low power-consuming 32-bit ARM Cortex-M4 core with DSP instructions and floating-point unit functioning as an application processor Basic frequency: 40 MHz supported
  • Wide working voltage: 1.8 V to 3.8 V
  • Peripherals: two PWMs and one UART and Zigbee operating feature
  • Zigbee features Working channel: 11 to 26 @2.400 GHz to 2.483 GHz, with an air interface rate of 250 kbit/s Built-in DC-DC circuit, maximizing the power-supply efficiency Maximum output power: +19 dBm; dynamic difference of output power: > 35 dB Power consumption when TYZS10 is working: 63 uA/MHz; current when TYZS10 is in the sleep state: 1.4 uA Proactive network configuration for terminals Onboard PCB antenna Working temperature: -40°C to 85°C AES 128/256-based hardware encryption

1.2 Major Application Fields

  • Intelligent building
  • Intelligent home and household applications
  • Intelligent socket and light
  • Industrial wireless control
  • Health care and measurement
  • Asset tracing

2. Module Interfaces

2.1 Dimensions and Footprint

TYZS10 uses female headers to draw PWMs, UARTs, 3.3 V, and GND signals. TYZS10 provides 10 pins, that is, two rows of pins with the distance of 2.0 mm between every two pins.

TYZS10 dimensions: 41.3 mm (W) x 16.8 mm (L) x 0.8 mm (H). Figure 2 shows the overall pin layout of TYZS10. Figure 2 Front and back views of TYZS10

2.2 Pin Definition

Table 1 describes the interface pins. Table 1 TYZS10 interface pins

No. Symbol I/O Type Functions
1 UART_RX I/O UART0_RXD communication interface, which is used to receive data from serial ports.
2 3.3 V P Power-supply pin of TYZS10 (typical power-supply voltage: 3.3 V)
3 PWM1 I/O Functions as a GPIO and can output PWM signals to control lights.
4 UART_TXD O UART0_TXD
5 NC - No pin is used.
6 PWM3 I/O Functions as a GPIO and can output PWM signals to control lights.
7 GND P Module reference ground pin
8 NC - No pin is used.
9 GND P Module reference ground pin
10 NC - No pin is used.
TP1 test point nRST I Hardware reset pin, and the chip is reset when the level is low. TYZS10 has a power-on reset function, and this pin is not necessary in the actual situation.
TP2 test point SWCLK I/O JLINK SWCLK programming pin, which can also be used as a GPIO in normal programs.
TP3 test point SWDIO I/O JLINK SWDIO programming pin, which can also be used as a GPIO in normal programs.

Note: P indicates power-supply pins, I/O indicates input/output pins, and AI indicates analog input pins. nRST is only a module hardware reset pin, which cannot clear the Zigbee network configuration. When PWM is used as the ADC input interface, the input voltage range must be 0–AVDD, which can be configured using software.

2.3 Test Pin Definition

Table 2 describes the interface pins. Table 2 TYZS10 test pins

No. Symbol I/O Type Functions
- - I Used for the module production test.

Note:It is recommended that test pins not be used.

3. Electrical Characteristics

3.1 Absolute Electrical Characteristics

Table 3 Absolute electrical characteristics

Parameter Description Minimum Value Maximum Value Unit
Ts Storage temperature -50 150 °C
VCC Power-supply voltage -0.3 3.8 V
Static electricity voltage (human model) TAMB -25°C - 2.5 kV
Static electricity voltage (machine model) TAMB -25°C - 0.5 kV

3.2 Electrical Conditions

Table 4 Normal electrical conditions

Parameter Description Minimum Value Typical Value Maximum Value Unit
Ta Working temperature -40 - 85 °C
VCC Working voltage 1.8 3.3 3.8 V
VIL I/O low-level input -0.3 - VCC x 0.25 V
VIH I/O high-level input VCC x 0.75 - VCC V
VOL I/O low-level output - - VCC x 0.1 V
VOH I/O high-level output VCC x 0.8 - VCC V
Imax I/O drive current - - 12 mA

3.3 Zigbee TX Power Consumption

Table 5 TX power consumption during constant emission

Symbol Rate TX power Typical Value Unit
IRF 250 kbit/s +19 dBm 120 mA
IRF 250 kbit/s +13 dBm 50 mA
IRF 250 kbit/s +10 dBm 32 mA
IRF 250 kbit/s +4 dBm 17 mA
IRF 250 kbit/s +1 dBm 11.8 mA

Note: When the preceding data is being tested, the duty cycle is set to 100%.

3.4 Zigbee RX Power Consumption

Table 6 RX power consumption during constant receiving

Symbol Rate Typical Value Unit
IRF 250 kbit/s 8 mA

Note: When the UART is in the active state, the received current is 14 mA.

3.5 Power Consumption in Operating Mode

Table 7 TYZS11 working current

Working Mode Working Status (Ta = 25°C) Average Value Maximum Value Unit
EZ mode The module is in the EZ state. 10 40 mA
Operation mode The module is in the connected state. 5 10 mA
Deep sleep mode The module is in the deep sleep mode, with the 64 KB flash. 1.4 3 uA

4. RF Features

4.1 Basic RF Features

Table 8 Basic RF features

Parameter Description
Frequency band 2.400 GHz to 2.484 GHz
Physical-layer standard IEEE 802.15.4
Data transmitting rate 250 kbit/s
Antenna type Onboard PCB antenna
Line-of-sight transmission distance > 120 m

4.2 Zigbee Output Performance

Table 9 TX continuous transmission performance

Parameter Minimum Value Typical Value Maximum Value Unit
Maximum output power - +19 - dBm
Minimum output power - -30 - dBm
Output power adjustment step - 0.5 1 dB
Frequency error -15 - +15 ppm
Output spectrum adjacent-channel rejection ratio -31 dBc

Note: The maximum wireless output power over an air interface can reach +19 dBm. The power output can be adjusted under normal use. The high-power output can be used for overlay transmission in extremely complex conditions, such as modules embedded in a wall.

4.3 Zigbee RX Sensitivity

Table 10 RX sensitivity

Parameter Minimum Value Typical Value Maximum Value Unit
PER < 10%, RX sensitivity, 250 kbit/s@OQPSK - -101 - dBm

5. Antenna Information

5.1 Antenna Types

By default, the onboard PCB antenna is used.

5.2 Antenna Interference Reduction

When you use a copper column antenna on a Zigbee module, make sure that the antenna on the module is at least 15 mm away from other metal parts to ensure optimal wireless performance. It is recommended that the antenna location on the PCB be hollowed out.

To prevent negative effect on antenna radiation performance, do not route copper or cable wires along the antenna area of the user PCB board.

6.1 Mechanical Dimensions

6.3 Production Instructions

The factory storage conditions are as follows:
1.The anti-moisture bag must be stored in an environment with a temperature of less than 30° C and humidity of less than 85% RH. 2.The shelf life of a dry-packaged product is six months from the date when the product is packaged and sealed. Note: 1.During the whole process of production, the operator of each station must wear an electrostatic ring and electrostatic clothing. 2.During the operation, strictly protect the module from water and strains.

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